Periodontal diseases, also called gum diseases, are serious infections affecting gums that damage soft tissue, and when left untreated, can destroy the bones that support your teeth. This condition is common but also very preventable. Normally, it is the result of poor oral hygiene. A great way to avoid this dental condition is through brushing twice a day and flossing daily, in addition to regular dental checkups.
Healthy gums appear as firm and pale pink in addition to fitting snuggly around teeth. Unfortunately, there are several gum diseases around, and they appear in various ways. Symptoms of periodontitis include:
- Puffy or swollen gums
- Bright red, dusky red or purplish gums
- Gums that feel tender when touched
- Gums that start to bleed easily
- Pink-tinged toothbrush after brushing
- Blood appearing when brushing or flossing your teeth
- Bad breath
- Puss on teeth and gums
- Loose teeth or even loss of teeth
- Painful chewing
- New spaces developing between your teeth
- Gums pulling away and making your teeth look longer than usual
- Changing the way your teeth fit together when you bite
Generally speaking, the development of this disease starts with plaque. This sticky film is made mostly of bacteria, and if left untreated, can have consequences such as:
- Plaque on your teeth: This happens when sugars and starches in the food you eat interact with bacteria found in your mouth. By brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day, you’ll remove place, but plaque quickly reforms?
- Plaque can harden your gumline into tartar. If plaque remains on your teeth, it will only get harder to remove as it is packed with bacteria. The longer plaque and tartar remain untreated, the more harm that they will cause. Brushing and flossing in the recommended frequency can help get rid of tartar. As such, you need professional dental cleaning in order to remove it
- It can cause gingivitis: Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease, it causes irritation and inflammation on the part of gum tissue and around the base of your teeth. With professional treatment and proper oral care, gingivitis can be reversed.
- Ongoing inflammation can lead to periodontitis: Over time, pockets will develop between gums and teeth that will be filled with tartar, plaque, and bacteria. In time, the pockets will become deeper, with more bacteria in them. When left untreated, deep infections could possibly lead to tissue and bone loss. Ultimately, patients may end up losing one or more teeth. Ongoing chronic inflammation can put a strain on your immune system.